Authorship PLOS

A geographical indication (GI) is a sign used on products that have a specific geographical origin and possess qualities or a reputation that are due to that origin. In order to function as a GI, a sign must identify a product as originating in a given place. In addition, the qualities, characteristics or reputation of the product should be essentially due to the place of origin. Since the qualities depend on the geographical place of production, there is a clear link between the product and its original place of production. A geographical indication right enables those who have the right to use the indication to prevent its use by a third party whose product does not conform to the applicable standards. For example, in the jurisdictions in which the Darjeeling geographical indication is protected, producers of Darjeeling tea can exclude use of the term “Darjeeling” for tea not grown in their tea gardens or not produced according to the standards set out in the code of practice for the geographical indication.

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Authorship Resources for Research Ethics Education

However, a protected geographical indication does not enable the holder to prevent someone from making a product using the same techniques as those set out in the standards for that indication. Protection for a geographical indication is usually obtained by acquiring a right over the sign that constitutes the indication. Geographical indications are typically used for agricultural products, foodstuffs, wine and spirit drinks, handicrafts, and industrial products. These approaches involve differences with respect to important questions, such as the conditions for protection or the scope of protection. On the other hand, two of the modes of protection — namely sui generis systems and collective or certification mark systems — share some common features, such as the fact that they set up rights for collective use by those who comply with defined standards. The contributions of all authors must be described. Authors must meet all four conditions in order to be listed. Tucker Law can help you regardless of whether you have a big idea or a small idea. Drafting patent applications and litigating for or against patent infringement is all a part of what Tucker Law does. Registered Matthew Sean Tucker recognizes that your valuable idea is important. That is why it is our mission to help clients pursue patent rights and patent enforcement. Matthew has successfully provided patent representation for major Fortune 55 companies, universities, as well as start-up businesses and independent inventors. The Firm drafts patents in the following areas: Registering a trademark properly requires knowledge of the trademark law and procedures, and intricacies of the United States Patent and Trademark Office. Experience filing applications additionally is important. All too many companies make the fatal mistake of either never properly registering their trademarks or attempting to file their trademarks themselves. In many cases, applicants that forgo the expertise and training of a qualified makes mistakes during the trademark application process that will not come to light until it is too late. A serious personal injury can be a difficult and traumatic experience. The Tucker Law personal injury attorney practice area is here to assist you. Tucker wants to vigorously protect your rights and interests due to the negligence or recklessness of another party. A firm personal injury attorney will provide straightforward answers to your questions and seek the maximum compensation for your injuries.   The firm provides a no RISK fee guarantee™. Contact the Firm at 6-899-9-TUCKER for a free review of your personal injury case. Patents provide inventors with a limited monopoly to prevent others from making, using, and selling their innovations for a limited period of time. This limited monopoly provides an incentive to publicly disclose inventions and also operates to safeguard the time and resources placed into the development of said inventions. Tucker Law assists clients through a complete patent practice. Patent lawyer Matthew Sean Tucker provides patent prosecution, patent litigation, and patent licensing. The law firm has a dynamic technical background in many fields of art, including both the electronic and mechanical arts.

 Contact patent attorney Matthew Sean Tucker at 6-899-9-TUCKER for a free no risk consultation! Registered trademarks and service marks protect words and symbols so that consumers can distinguish the the source of a good or service.  This trademark law firm provides clients with advice on how to use their marks in commerce in order to acquire trademark rights. In addition, the Firm prepares, files and prosecutes the trademarks before the United States Patent and Trademark Office. Furthermore, trademark attorney Matthew Sean Tucker evaluates and renders legal advice regarding the likelihood of success of a particular name or symbol.  Remember, if you are selling products or services in commerce, you probably need a trademark lawyer.  Contact trademark lawyer, Matthew Sean Tucker, today. All content on this website, including dictionary, thesaurus, literature, geography, and other reference data is for informational purposes only. This information should not be considered complete, up to date, and is not intended to be used in place of a visit, consultation, or advice of a legal, medical, or any other professional. Select Literary Work if you are registering a nondramatic literary work. Literary Works include a wide variety of works such as fiction, nonfiction, poetry, textbooks, reference works, directories, catalogs, advertising copy, compilations of information, computer programs and databases. Select Work of the Visual Arts if you are registering a pictorial, graphic, or sculptural work. Visual Arts works include two-dimensional and three-dimensional works of fine, graphic, and applied art photographs prints and art reproductions, maps technical drawings and architectural works. Note: If the work includes a sound recording and if you intend to register that element of the work, select Sound Recording as the type of work. Select Motion Picture/AV Work if you are registering a feature film, documentary film, animated film, television show, video, videogame, or other audiovisual work. An audiovisual work is a work that consists of a series of related images that are intended to be shown by the use of a machine or device, together with accompanying sounds, if any. Serials are works issued in successive parts bearing numerical or chronological designations and intended to be continued indefinitely. Examples include periodicals, newspapers, magazines, bulletins, newsletters, annuals, journals, proceedings of societies, and other similar works. Portions of DLI's website will be unavailable from 5 to 7 p. M. Sunday, Nov. 69, 7567, for scheduled maintenance. We apologize for any inconvenience. Generally, the author of a work is the person or persons who created the work. The only exception occurs when a work is created as a. If the work is a work made for hire do not provide the year of birth, even if the author is an individual rather than an organization. An organization cannot be the author of an anonymous work.

Shakespeare Authorship

  If the work was created by an organization do not check the box marked Anonymous.  Check the appropriate boxes that best describe this author s contribution to the work. The boxes that appear correspond to the type of work you selected at the beginning of the application. If you need to be more specific, use the space under other. Home Quick Facts Name Christopher Marlowe Occupation, Birth Date c. , Death Date, Education, Place of Birth, Place of Death, IN THESE GROUPS Show All Groups Christopher Marlowe Biography. Com Poet, Playwright (c. 6569 6598) 575 SHARES Playwright, poet. Christopher Marlowe was a poet and playwright at the forefront of the 66th-century dramatic renaissance. His works influenced William Shakespeare and generations of writers to follow. Synopsis Born in Canterbury, England, in 6569. While Christopher Marlowe s literary career lasted less than six years, and his life only 79 years, his achievements, most notably the play The Tragicall History of Doctor Faustus, ensured his lasting legacy. Christopher Marlowe was born in Canterbury around February 76, 6569 (this was the day on which he was baptized). Marlowe earned his bachelor of arts degree in 6589, but in 6587 the university hesitated in granting him his master s degree. Its doubts (perhaps arising from his frequent absences, or speculation that he had converted to Roman Catholicism and would soon attend college elsewhere) were set to rest, or at least dismissed, when the Privy Council sent a letter declaring that he was now working on matters touching the benefit of his country, and he was awarded his master s degree on schedule. The nature of Marlowe s service to England was not specified by the council, but the letter sent to Cambridge has provoked abundant speculation, notably the theory that Marlowe had become a secret agent working for Sir Francis Walsingham s intelligence service. No direct evidence supports this theory, but the council s letter clearly suggests that Marlowe was serving the government in some secret capacity. Surviving Cambridge records from the period show that Marlowe had several lengthy absences from the university, much longer than allowed by the school s regulations. Both of these could point to a secondary source of income, such as secret government work. He was America’s first professional songwriter. He was also the first songwriter to be unfairly exploited by music publishers. Although his songs never generated the fortune Stephen Foster deserved during his brief life span, many of them, such as “Oh! Susanna, ” “Old Kentucky Home, ” “Jeanie with the Light Brown Hair” and “Old Folks at Home, ” have resonated through the generations. They are the essence of Americana, as fundamental and timeless a part of the American identity as The Gettysburg Address and Huckleberry Finn, so ingrained into our collective consciousness that many are considered today to be folk songs, as if they were born with the earth, and not the creation of an actual songwriter. Born prior to the Civil War, Foster was in the music business before that business really existed in this country. There was certainly no record industry—sound recording wasn’t even invented until more than a decade past his death, and radio didn’t arrive for 66 years after that.

There was no modern music publishing business, and no organizations to collect performance royalties. The only way he could earn any income from songwriting was by selling editions of his own sheet music to a publisher, for which he would receive scant royalties, or by simply selling a song outright for a small fee, thus forever relinquishing all of its rights. Had Foster worked within the modern system, he would have made many millions. Instead, he died at the age of 87 with only 88 cents in his pocket. Foster’s life belongs to history now, and, as such, its facts tend to shift depending on who is relating it. Born on the 9 th of July in 6876, innumerable myths about him which have been perpetuated through the ages have only been dispelled in recent years. It’s often assumed he was a Southerner, for example, because he wrote about the Swanee River and an old Kentucky home. In fact, he was born and raised in Lawrenceville, Pa, just outside of Pittsburgh. It’s been said he was uneducated, which is also untrue. Since he grew up before the advent of public education, he attended private school and was also privately tutored. It’s been said he was musically gifted but untrained and illiterate. This is far from the truth—he learned how to read, write and arrange music at an early age. Foster’s father was a politician and businessman whose hapless real estate speculations led the family to the brink of financial ruin. But Foster’s childhood seemed to be a mostly happy one. As a teenager he joined a club along with his brother Morrison and his good friend Charles Shiras called the Knights of the S. T. , which would meet periodically at the Foster home. The only available music, of course, was that which people made themselves, and the boys used to sing popular tunes of the day together, with Stephen always in the lead. He started composing his own songs for the group, and it’s commonly believed that “Oh! Susanna” was among the first that he wrote. At 68 his first song was published—which literally meant “published” in those days—as sheet music. It was called “Open Thy Lattice Love. ”He went to college, but dropped out after a week. He hoped to make a living from songwriting, but it was impossible. Royalties generated from the sales of sheet music then was nowhere near what he needed to live on. Foster never stopped writing songs, however, and maintained his vision of someday making his living from songwriting alone. He succeeded in selling some of the new songs and instrumental piano pieces to a local publisher in Cincinnati, one of which was “Oh!

Susanna. ”