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On Aristotle On the Heavens 3 7 4 6 Ancient Commentators on Aristotle

(Ἀριστοτέλης Aristotelēs – ) was a Greek philosopher and a scientist. The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy is by, Center for the Study of Language and Information (CSLI), Stanford University They consist of dialogues, records of scientific observations and systematic works. His student Theophrastus reportedly looked after Aristotle s writings and later passed them to his own student Neleus, who stored them in a vault to protect them from moisture until they were taken to Rome and used by scholars there. Of Aristotle s estimated 755 works, only 86 are still in circulation. Most date to Aristotle s time at the Lyceum. Poetics is a scientific study of writing and poetry where Aristotle observes, analyzes and defines mostly tragedy and epic poetry.

Aristotle Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy

Compared to philosophy, which presents ideas, poetry is an imitative use of language, rhythm and harmony that represents objects and events in the world, Aristotle posited. His book explores the foundation of storymaking, including character development, plot and storyline. In Nichomachean Ethics, which is believed to have been named in tribute to Aristotle s son, Nicomachus, Aristotle prescribed a moral code of conduct for what he called good living. He asserted that good living to some degree defied the more restrictive laws of logic, since the real world poses circumstances that can present a conflict of personal values. That said, it was up to the individual to reason cautiously while developing his or her own judgment. Eudemian Ethics is another of Aristotle s major treatises on the behavior and judgment that constitute good living. On happiness:

In his treatises on ethics, Aristotle aimed to discover the best way to live life and give it meaning the supreme good for man, in his words which he determined was the pursuit of happiness. Our happiness is not a state but but an activity, and it s determined by our ability to live a life that enables us to use and develop our reason. While bad luck can affect happiness, a truly happy person, he believed, learns to cultivate habits and behaviors that help him (or her) to keep bad luck in perspective. The golden mean: Aristotle also defined what he called the golden mean. Living a moral life, Aristotle believed, was the ultimate goal. Doing so means approaching every ethical dilemma by finding a mean between living to excess and living deficiently, taking into account an individual s needs and circumstances.

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In his works on science he emphasized the direct observation of nature and the philosophy that theory follows empirical observation. One of the greatest ancient Greek, with a large influence on subsequent Western thought. Aristotle was a student of and tutor to.