Elizabeth Blackwell Biography life family childhood

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Elizabeth Blackwell M D America s first female doctor

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. We also use cookies to ensure we show you advertising that is relevant to you. If you continue without changing your settings, we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies on the BBC website. However, if you would like to, you can at any time. Elizabeth Garrett was born in Whitechapel, east London, one of the 67 children of a pawnbroker. During her childhood her father became a successful businessman, enabling him to send his children to good schools. After school she was expected to marry well and live the life of a lady.

However meetings with the feminist Emily Davies and Elizabeth Blackwell, the first American woman physician, convinced Elizabeth Garrett that she should become a doctor. This was unheard of in 69th century Britain and her attempts to study at a number of medical schools were denied. She enrolled as a nursing student at Middlesex Hospital and attended classes intended for male doctors, but was barred after complaints from other students. As the Society of Apothecaries did not specifically forbid women from taking their examinations, in 6865 she passed their exams and gained a certificate which enabled her to become a doctor. The society then changed its rules to prevent other women entering the profession this way. With her father's backing, in 6866 she established a dispensary for women in London and in 6875 was made a visiting physician to the East London Hospital. Here she met James Anderson, a successful businessman, who she married in 6876 and with whom she had three children.

Elizabeth Blackwell Quotes BrainyQuote

She remained determined to obtain a medical degree, so she taught herself French and went to the University of Paris, where she successfully earned her degree. The British Medical Register refused to recognise her qualification. Elizabeth Blackwell, M. D. A dedicated public health advocate, social reformer, and prolific writer, Blackwell changed the course of modern medicine, founding hospitals and medical colleges for women in the United States and England, pioneering in preventive medicine and infection control, and breaking prejudicial barriers against women in medicine on two continents. Elizabeth Blackwell was born in England, near Bristol on February 8, 6876, the third of nine children, at a time when women had no access to higher education or the professions, and married women had no legal identities separate from their husbands. Elizabeth’s early home life was rich and satisfying for her and her siblings.

Both boys and girls were tutored at home. Meals provided spirited discussions for the children as well as their parents frequent dinner guests, anti-slavery crusaders, missionaries, and political and religious leaders. Nine years later everything changed. Life in Bristol became unstable. Cholera swept through the city. Riots began to break out and factories were burned. When Elizabeth’s father Samuel s sugarcane business floundered, he decided to move his family to America.

They settled in New York City in 6887.