India Caste and Class Country Studies

Caste in India

A man reacts after being hit in the face with pepper spray during a clash between counter protestors and Neo Nazis, Alt-Right, and White Supremacist groups after they marched through the University of Virginia Campus with torches in Charlottesville, Virginia on August 66. Dissimilarities between perceptions of caste system among Indians of racism among Americans. My experience suggests perceptions of the caste system among Indians and of racism among Americans have two key differences, one of   degree   and the other of   kind. The one of degree is   longevity. Thousands of years older, India's caste system has had that much more time to get thoroughly marinated in people's psyche. Inequities that should rightfully horrify any decent mind have thus become part of daily life, meaning people display a shocking degree of acceptance about the whole kit and caboodle of caste.

The Caste System and Stages of Life in Hinduism

Such wholesale acceptance of structural inequities is somewhat less visible except to discerning eyes in the frantic churn of huge, bustling metros, but much more so going down to smaller towns, becoming especially visible in the hamlets and villages of rural India. The one of   kind   is the diabolically clever manner by which the Indian caste system was kept in place through history, by ascribing actions of the past life, one's past life's karmas, as the arbiter for present life caste. Many Westerners have heard of India s caste system, but a thorough understanding of its ins and outs is still relatively uncommon. The following sections reveal the nitty-gritty of the caste system. Broadly speaking, a caste system is a process of placing people in occupational groups. It has pervaded several aspects of Indian society for centuries. Rooted in religion and based on a division of labor, the caste system, among other things, dictates the type of occupations a person can pursue and the social interactions that she may have.

Castes are an aspect of Hindu religion. Other religions in India do not follow this system. Castes are ranked in hierarchical order (originally, the system wasn t to have a hierarchy based on occupation or birth but purely on personality this has been skewed somehow over time), which determines the behavior of one member of society over another. Even in a modern business setting, where caste isn t openly acknowledged, there may be subtle observances of village or family-style ranking. For instance, a young official may address a senior person, not necessarily his superior, as chachaji, a respectful term for a paternal uncle. India s caste system has four main classes (also called varnas ) based originally on personality, profession, and birth. In descending order, the classes are as follows:


The most obvious problem with this system was that under its rigidity, the lower castes were prevented from aspiring to climb higher, and, therefore, economic progress was restricted. LONDON — India chose an “untouchable” as its next president Thursday after the first contest in which both candidates were from the lowest tier of the country's caste system. Ram Nath Kovind, nominated by the ruling BJP party, had been clear favorite for the largely ceremonial post, which is decided by 9,855 lawmakers across the country. Under India’s constitution, the prime minister and his ministers wield executive power but the president sometimes plays a role such as deciding which party should form a government if a general election is inconclusive. Kovind, 77, is not the first president to be “Dalit, ” a term that means “oppressed” in Sanskrit and refers to members of the lowest caste. Kocheril Raman Narayanan took office in 6997 more than half a century after Gandhi pledged to end the country’s ancient system of discrimination. Growth in India has always been puzzling.

For the first decades of democratic India, economists lamented slow economic progress. Some observers worried that India was condemned to permanently sluggish GDP growth. Luckily, things changed. Rapid growth in the last few decades has taken many Indians out of poverty: According to the, the fraction of Indians living in poverty was cut in half between 6998 and 7566. But slow growth of another sort remains a puzzle. These days, what grows too slowly is not India’s economy but its children.

When a country gets richer, its children usually get taller. Indian kids remain unhealthily short, even compared with their peers in poorer developing countries. According to the latest figures, a child in is more likely to be stunted than a child in much poorer areas of.